ORAHS 2015

HEC Montréal, July 19 - 24, 2015



HEC Montréal, July 19 — August 31, 2015

Schedule Authors My Schedule
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FA Plenary 2

Jul 24, 2015 09:00 AM – 10:00 AM

Location: BDC

Chaired by Nadia Lahrichi

1 Presentation

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    09:00 AM - 10:00 AM

    Strategic Workforce Planning

    • Andrea Lodi, presenter, University of Bologna

    Workforce planning in Italy is a task of great complexity due to the decentralized organization of the Health Care Services. As a result of major constitutional reforms, Italian regions are in charge of determining the organization of their health services and define the amount of annual budget to be allocated to providing care to the population. The decentralized organization of national health service
    is yearly negotiated and regulated by agreements and pacts debated in the State-Regions Permanent Conference. Within this conference, each year the Ministry of Health collects and negotiates regional
    workforce requirement forecasts with regional and health professional stakeholders and in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR), determines the total
    number of medical doctors that should start specialization training.

    The final goal of the presented study is to provide a Decision Support System for health workforce planning and forecasting so as to foresee future shortages or surpluses through a proper management of
    residency grant allocations under budget constraints in the Emilia-Romagna Region. In order to meet the objectives, the decision-making model that will support regional planners has to be separated in two
    main components. A simulation model, which describes the health workforce supply and demand behavior over time, and an optimization model that evaluates the imbalances emerging from the simulation model and suggests an optimal funding allocation in order to reduce the gap between human health resources (HHR) availability and requirements. As we are dealing with a complex dynamic system, we have opted for the development of a System Dynamics simulation model to represent Emilia-Romagna region health workforce, while an Integer Programming model computes the optimal assignments of residency grants. The proposed methodology allows a comprehensive overview of regional data availability, defines the level of accuracy that can be reached by a quantitative approach to HHR regional planning, and provides the first quantitative decision-making tool for needs forecasting and fund allocation in Italy. At the Emilia-Romagna level, the proposed approach has been included within the planning tools of “Servizio Relazioni con gli Enti del SSR, Sistemi Organizzativi e Risorse Umane in ambito sanitario e sociale, supporto giuridico” of the “Assessorato Sanita e Politiche Sociali”. In addition, the EmiliaRomagna
    experience and methodology has been included in the Work Package 5 of the EU ``Joint Action Health Workforce Planning and Forecasting'' of which the Italian Ministry of Health is responsible. (Joint work with Paolo Tubertini, Roberto Grilli, Angelina Mazzocchetti, Corrado Ruozi and Francesca Senese.)