ILS 2012

Québec, Canada, 26 — 29 August 2012

ILS 2012

Québec, Canada, 26 — 29 August 2012

Schedule Authors My Schedule

THEMATIC SESSION: SCM in Crisis Situations

Aug 27, 2012 10:30 AM – 12:00 PM

Location: VCH-2860

Chaired by Jacques Lamothe

4 Presentations

  • 10:30 AM - 10:52 AM

    Designing a Humanitarian Supply Network: One Way to Deal with Demand Uncertainty

    • Aurélie Charles, University Lumiere Lyon2, laboratoire DISP
    • Matthieu Lauras, presenter, Université de Toulouse, Mines-Albi
    • Lionel Dupont, Université de Toulouse, Mines-Albi

    An increasing number of humanitarian organisations have successfully opened regional warehouses. They are also thinking about or have already started to pre-position resources on a local level. Their choice for location, on both a regional and local level, may be helped by decision-support systems. Our proposition is to use Operations Research to help humanitarian organisations or any private company working under high levels of uncertainty regarding demand and supply to configure their logistics network so that for a given level of service in terms of agility, they improve their efficiency. We provide an analysis of humanitarian demand patterns enabling to estimate future demand. Then we propose an optimisation model to quantitatively analyse the impact of various strategic choices regarding supply strategy and level of service on operations efficiency. It allows us to provide some recommendations, aiming at helping humanitarian organisations to define their logistics strategy.

  • 10:52 AM - 11:14 AM

    Towards a Collaborative and Agile Information Decision Support System for Transport Crisis Management

    • Guillaume Mace Ramete, presenter, Université de Toulouse - Mines Albi
    • Matthieu Lauras, Université de Toulouse, Mines-Albi
    • F. BENABEN, Université de Toulouse, Mines-Albi
    • Jacques LAMOTHE, Université de Toulouse, Mines-Albi

    This paper presents the first results of a French research project SIM-PeTra dealing with an agile Mediation Information Decision Support System in specific transport crisis context. The paper exposes the global architecture of such a system using an Event Driven Architecture approach coupled with a Service Oriented Architecture. This article describes briefly the functions of new services for this architecture. The paper explains also what are the futures topics for developing a Mediation Information System in Crisis Context.

  • 11:14 AM - 11:36 AM

    Humanitarian Logistics and Disaster Relief Research: Trends, Applications, and Future Research Directions

    • Eduardo Queiroz Peres, University of Sao Paulo
    • Irineu Brito Jr., presenter, University of Sao Paulo
    • Adriana Leiras, University of Sao Paulo
    • Hugo Yoshizaki, University of Sao Paulo

    The increase in the number of people impacted by natural and man-made disasters has required more efforts of humanitarian organizations. In this context, research on disaster operations management and humanitarian logistics has grown in terms of publications and importance in recent years. This paper presents a literature survey of humanitarian logistics studies that aims to observe trends and ideas for future research directions. First, the reviews by Altay and Green (2006) and Natarajarathinam et al. (2009) are updated and detailed. In addition to the updated review and the classification criteria adopted by the previously-mentioned papers, other criteria are proposed in order to have more information about them. Two hundred one (201) that were published in the HL area are reviewed and listed in a companion website. The studies are classified according to criteria such as research method, disaster type, decision level, and the database of publication. The conclusions point out to some literature gaps and research opportunities in the area of study.

  • 11:36 AM - 11:58 AM

    Mitigating Disruptions Impacts Using Super Facilities

    • Soumaya Benaicha Elabassi, presenter, École Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Tarbes
    • Atidel B. Hadj-Alouane, ENIT

    Dealing with facility disruptions has increasingly attracted practitioners and researchers attention in the last decades due to recent events: weather deregulation, natural disasters, financial crisis, terrorist attacks, etc. Researchers often dealt with the strategic aspect of the problem while making facility location decisions in order to build a robust supply chain. In this paper we address the flexibility aspect and more precisely product configuration of the facilities. We consider the problem of allocating demand arising from a set of multiple products to a set of dedicated facilities. The facilities are subject to disruption and the demand is lost in this case. To mitigate disruption impacts, we consider the use of a super facility that can hold the demand of products when the dedicated facilities are under failure. The objective is to determine the optimal capacity of the super facility so as to minimize the sum of capacity investment, demand allocation and lost sales cost. In systems with identical products and identical facilities, we propose an algorithm that can be used to determine the optimal capacity of the super facility.